To this end, this paper develops a general equilibrium monetary model of a cryptocurrency system to study its optimal design. This approach is desir-. This article is part of the Research Topic of payments but can also affect the future of world currencies (Seetharaman et al., ). This paper examines persistence in the cryptocurrency market. () provide a comprehensive analysis of cryptocurrencies considering various. ETHEREUM KIK
If you do not have a society account or have forgotten your username or password, please contact your society. A personal account can be used to get email alerts, save searches, purchase content, and activate subscriptions. Some societies use Oxford Academic personal accounts to provide access for their members. For librarians and administrators, your personal account also provides access to institutional account management. Here you will find options to view and activate subscriptions, manage institutional settings and access options, access usage statistics, and more.
Click the account icon in the top left to view your signed in accounts and access account management features. Oxford Academic is home to a wide variety of products. The institutional subscription may not cover the content that you are trying to access. If you believe you should have access to that content, please contact your librarian.
To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. Don't already have an Oxford Academic account? Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In.
Advanced Search. Search Menu. Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Understanding Cryptocurrencies Get access. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Campbell R Harvey. Duke University. Raphael C G Reule.
Address correspondence to Raphael C. Revision received:. Select Format Select format. Permissions Icon Permissions. Abstract Cryptocurrency refers to a type of digital asset that uses distributed ledger, or blockchain, technology to enable a secure transaction.
Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals. Issue Section:. You do not currently have access to this article. Download all slides. Sign in Get help with access. Get help with access Institutional access Access to restricted content on Oxford Academic is often provided through institutional subscriptions and purchases.
Berlin: Springer. Baldwin, J. Palgrave Communications, 4 1 , 1— Bartos, J. Does Bitcoin follow the hypothesis of efficient market? International Journal of Economic Sciences, 4 2 , 10— Are Cryptocurrencies Connected to Forex? A Quantile Cross-Spectral Approach. Finance Research Letters, 29, — Baur, A. Cryptocurrencies as a Disruption?
In Janssen, M. Berlin: Springer International Publishing. Baur, D. Bitcoin: Medium of Exchange or Speculative Assets? Bech, M. Central Bank Cryptocurrencies. Berg, C. Frontiers in Blockchain, 2. Boell, S. In Willcocks, L. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK. Bonneau, J. Bouri, E. Bitcoin and global financial stress: A copula-based approach to dependence and causality in the quantiles. The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 69, — Finance Research Letters, 20, — Briere, M.
Working Papers CEB, Brito, J. Buhalis, D. Journal of Service Management, 30 4 , — Bulut, A. Cryptocurrencies in the New Economy. Journal of International Trade, Logistics and Law, 4 2 , 45— Bunjaku, F. Cryptocurrencies — Advantages and Disadvantages. Journal of Economics, 2 1 , Burniske, C. Bitcoin: Ringing the bell for a new asset class. Button, S. Cryptocurrency and Blockchains in Emerging Economies.
Software Quality Professional, 20 3. Calcaterra, C. Stable Cryptocurrencies. Campbell-Verduyn, M.. In Tendulkar, S Ed. Bitcoin and Beyond, — London: Routledge. Catalini, C. Some Simple Economics of the Blockchain. Cennamo, C. Two Sides of The Same Coin? Academy of Management Discoveries, 6 3. Cerqueti, R. Information Sciences, , 1— Charfeddine, L.
Economic Modelling, 85, Chohan, U. The Double Spending Problem and Cryptocurrencies. Clark, B. Cocco, L. Using an artificial financial market for studying a cryptocurrency market. Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, 12 2 , — Conti, M. Corbet, S. International Review of Financial Analysis, 62, — Courtois, N. Cronin, P. British Journal of Nursing, 17 1 , 38— Crosby, M. Blockchain technology: Beyond bitcoin. Applied Innovation, 2 6—10 , Dashkevich, N. IEEE Access, 8, — Demidenko, D.
Pricing issues. Dimitrova, V. Dodd, N. The Social Life of Bitcoin. Theory, Culture and Society, 35 3 , 35— Dorfleitner, G. Journal of Asset Management, 19 7 , — Dostov, V. Journal of Financial Crime, 21 3 , — Duque, J. State Involvement in Cryptocurrencies. A Potential World Money? The Japanese Political Economy, 46 1 , 65— Dyhrberg, A. How Investible is Bitcoin? Economics Letters, , — Fabian, B. ICIS Proceedings. Fadeyi, O. Sustainability, 12 1 , Fantacci, L.
Cryptocurrencies and the Denationalization of Money. International Journal of Political Economy, 48 2 , — Flori, A. Cryptocurrencies In Finance: Review and Applications. International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Finance, 22 5 , 1— Foley, S. The Review of Financial Studies, 32 5 , — Entropy, 22 7 , Glaser, F.
Gott, M. Progress in Palliative Care, 19 6 , — Guadamuz, A. Blockchains and Bitcoin: Regulatory Responses to Cryptocurrencies. First Monday, 20 Gurrib, I. Malaysian Journal of Economic Studies, 56 2 , — Understanding Cryptocurrencies. Journal of Financial Econometrics, 18 2 , — Harvey, J. Journal of Political Marketing, 19 1—2 , — Hashemi Joo, M. Cryptocurrency, a Successful Application of Blockchain Technology. Managerial Finance, 46 6 , — Hayes, A.
A Cost of Production Model for Bitcoin. Working Papers No. Herskind, L. Hong, K. Bitcoin as an alternative investment vehicle. Information Technology and Management, 18 4 , — Hsieh, Y. Bitcoin and the Rise of Decentralized Autonomous Organizations. Journal of Organization Design, 7 1 , Hu, A. Hudson, R. Technical Trading and Cryptocurrencies. Annals of Operations Research, , Hughes, S. William Mitchell Law Review, 40 2 , — Ibba, S. In Garbajosa, J. Jaag, C. Working Paper No. Kaponda, K.
Karpan, A. Cryptocurrencies and Blockchain Technology. Katsiampa, P. Economics Letters, , 3—6. Keogh, J. In Detwiler, D. Netherlands: Elsevier. Kerr, J. The International Sports Law Journal, 18 1 , 79— Kfir, I. Cryptocurrencies, National Security, Crime and Terrorism. Comparative Strategy, 39 2 , — Kim, S. In Raj, P. Kolber, A. Stanford Technology Law Review, 21, Korpela, K.
Lanko, A. Business Horizons, 60 6 , — Lerer, M. Art in the Age of Financial Crisis. Visual Resources, 34 1—2 , 1— Lim, I. In Murgante, B. Lu, Q. Future Generation Computer Systems, , — Marian, O.
CRYPTOCURRENCY BITCOIN HARDWARE WALLET
Cryptocurrency research paper 2017 cryptocurrency returnsHow to do RESEARCH on a Cryptocurrency Coin or Token (DYOR)
CRYPTO INVESTMENT PLATFORM AUTOMATED
It may seem natural to define CBCCs by adapting the CPMI's definition to say that they are electronic central bank liabilities that can be used in peer-to-peer exchanges. But this ignores an important feature of other forms of central bank money, namely accessibility. Currently, one form of central bank money - cash - is of course accessible to everyone, while central bank settlement accounts are typically available only to a limited set of entities, mainly banks CPSS , p 3.
In this spirit, Bjerg includes universally accessible ie easy to obtain and use in addition to electronic and central bank-issued in defining the new concept of central bank digital currency Graph 2 , right-hand panel. Distributed ledger technology DLT refers to the protocols and supporting infrastructure that allow computers in different locations to propose and validate transactions and update records in a synchronised way across a network.
The idea of a distributed ledger - a common record of activity that is shared across computers in different locations - is not new. Such ledgers are used by organisations eg supermarket chains that have branches or offices across a given country or across countries. However, in a traditional distributed database, a system administrator typically performs the key functions that are necessary to maintain consistency across the multiple copies of the ledger.
The simplest way to do this is for the system administrator to maintain a master copy of the ledger which is periodically updated and shared with all network participants. By contrast, the new systems based on DLT, most notably Bitcoin and Ethereum, are designed to function without a trusted authority. Bitcoin maintains a distributed database in a decentralised way by using a consensus-based validation procedure and cryptographic signatures.
In such systems, transactions are conducted in a peer-to-peer fashion and broadcast to the entire set of participants who work to validate them in batches known as "blocks". Since the ledger of activity is organised into separate but connected blocks, this type of DLT is often referred to as "blockchain technology".
The blockchain version of DLT has successfully powered Bitcoin for several years However, the system is not without drawbacks: it is costly to operate preventing double-spending without the use of a trusted authority requires transaction validators miners to employ large amounts of computing power to complete "proof-of-work" computations ; there is only probabilistic finality of settlement; and all transactions are public.
These features are not suitable for many financial market applications. Current wholesale DLT payment applications have therefore abandoned the standard blockchain technology in favour of protocols that modify the consensus process in order to allow enhanced confidentiality and scalability.
Examples of protocols currently being tested by central banks include Corda and Hyperledger Fabric. Corda replaces blockchain with a "notary" architecture. The notary design utilises a trusted authority and allows consensus to be reached on an individual transaction basis, rather than in blocks, with limited information-sharing.
We combine the properties discussed in CPMI and Bjerg to establish a new taxonomy of money. Our properties are: issuer central bank or other ; form electronic or physical ; accessibility universal or limited ; and transfer mechanism centralised or decentralised, ie peer-to-peer. This taxonomy reflects what appears to be emerging in practice and distinguishes between two potential types of CBCC, both of which are electronic: central bank-issued and peer-to-peer. Again, a Venn diagram is useful for illustration.
In principle, there are four different kinds of electronic central bank money: two kinds of CBCCs the shaded area and two kinds of central bank deposits. The most familiar forms of central bank deposits are those held by commercial banks - often referred to as settlement accounts or reserves. The other form is, at least in theory, deposits held by the general public. Tobin refers to this form as deposited currency accounts DCAs.
Universally accessible forms of money that are not issued by the central bank include privately created cryptocurrency, commodity money, commercial bank deposits and mobile money. The other three currency forms are more removed because they are, in addition, either physical or "not peer-to-peer". A number of other forms of money are not universally accessible.
Local physical currencies, ie currencies that can be spent in a particular geographical location at participating organisations, populate the right-hand petal of the flower. The upper left-hand petal contains virtual currencies, which are "electronic money issued and usually controlled by its developers, and used and accepted among the members of a specific virtual community" ECB There is also the possibility of a private sector wholesale version of cryptocurrency.
It would be transferred in a peer-to-peer fashion by means of a distributed ledger, but only between certain financial institutions. Box B uses this taxonomy to classify different examples of money from the past, present and future according to where they would fit in the money flower.
The remainder of this feature discusses the two types of CBCC in further detail and highlights some of the many issues central banks will need to consider if they ever chose to adopt them. We start with the retail variant and then turn to the wholesale one. Graph B fills out the money flower with examples of money from the past, present and possibly the future.
The concept, which was proposed by Koning and has not been endorsed by the Federal Reserve, is for the central bank to create its own cryptocurrency. The currency could be converted both ways at par with the US dollar and conversion would be managed by the Federal Reserve Banks.
Instead of having a predetermined supply rule, as is the case with Bitcoin, the supply of Fedcoin would, much like cash, increase or decrease depending on the desire of consumers to hold it. Fedcoin would become a third component of the monetary base, alongside cash and reserves. Unlike Bitcoin, Fedcoin would not represent a competing, private "outside money" but would instead be an alternative form of sovereign currency Garratt and Wallace It is the original name for digital assets representing central bank money used in the Bank of Canada's proof of concept for a DLT-based wholesale payment system.
CADcoin has been used in simulations performed by the Bank of Canada in cooperation with Payments Canada, R3 a fintech firm , and several Canadian banks but has not been put into practice. In Sweden, the demand for cash has dropped considerably over the past decade Skingsley Already, many stores do not accept cash and some bank branches no longer disburse or collect cash. In response, the Riksbank has embarked on a project to determine the viability of an eKrona for retail payments.
No decision has yet been taken in terms of technology Sveriges Riksbank Citizens can open an account by downloading an app, registering their national identity number and answering security questions. People deposit or withdraw money by going to designated transaction centres. As such, it is a rare example of a deposited currency account scheme. As Ecuador uses the US dollar as its official currency, accounts are denominated in that currency.
Bitcoin is an example of a non-central bank digital currency. It was invented by an unknown programmer who used the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto and was released as open-source software in along with a white paper describing the technical aspects of its design see Box A for further details. Utility Settlement Coin USC is an attempt by the private sector to provide a wholesale cryptocurrency.
It is a concept proposed by a collection of large private banks and a fintech firm for a series of digital tokens representing money from multiple countries that can be exchanged on a distributed ledger platform UBS The value of each country's USC on the distributed ledger would be backed by an equivalent value of domestic currency held in a segregated reserve account at the central bank.
The Bank of Amsterdam the Amsterdamse Wisselbank was established in by the City of Amsterdam to facilitate trade. It is often seen as a precursor to central banks. A problem at the time was that currency, ie coins, was being eroded, clipped or otherwise degraded. The bank took deposits of both foreign and local coinage at their real intrinsic value after charging a small coinage and management fee. These deposits were known as bank money. The Wisselbank introduced a book-entry system that enabled customers to settle payments with other account holders.
The Dutch central bank was established in and the Bank of Amsterdam was closed in Smith , Quinn and Roberds This was the highest US dollar-denominated note ever issued and did not circulate among the general public. It is an example of non-electronic, restricted-use, government-backed, peer-to-peer money. Examples of privately issued local currencies include the Bristol Pound and BerkShares , located in the right-hand petal. Stores in Bristol, United Kingdom, give a discount to people using Bristol Pounds, whereas BerkShares are purchased at 95 cents on the dollar and are accepted at retail stores in the Berkshires region of Massachusetts at face value.
Precious metal coins are examples of commodity money. They can be used as an input in production or for consumption and also as a medium of exchange. This is in contrast to fiat money, which has no intrinsic use.
Although commodity money is largely a thing of the past, it was the predominant medium of exchange for more than two millennia. E-gold account holders used commercial bank money to purchase a share of the holding company's stock of gold and used mobile phone text messages to transfer quantities of gold to other customers.
Payments between e-gold customers were "on-us" transactions that simply involved updating customer accounts. E-gold ultimately failed. But before it shut down in , it had accumulated over 5 million account holders. Users transfer either bank deposits or cash to the operator, who gives them mobile credits. These credits can be transferred between platform participants using their mobile devices or redeemed from the operator for cash or deposits.
The daily number of M-pesa transactions dwarfs those conducted using Bitcoin. However, in terms of value, worldwide Bitcoin transfers have recently overtaken those conducted on the M-pesa platform Graph 1 , right-hand panel. Straightforward arguments derived from Friedman and Klein suggest that if the Federal Reserve were to maintain one-to-one convertibility with Fedcoin, it would also need to control the supply of Fedcoins.
Retail CBCCs do not exist anywhere. However, the concept of a retail CBCC has been widely discussed by bloggers, central bankers and academics. Perhaps the most frequently discussed proposal is Fedcoin Koning , , Motamedi However, unlike with bitcoin, only the Federal Reserve would be able to create Fedcoins and there would be one-for-one convertibility with cash and reserves.
Fedcoins would only be created destroyed if an equivalent amount of cash or reserves were destroyed created at the same time. Like cash, Fedcoin would be decentralised in transaction and centralised in supply. A retail CBCC along the lines of Fedcoin would eliminate the high price volatility that is common to cryptocurrencies Graph 1 , centre panel.
If a retail CBCC were to completely replace cash, it would no longer be possible for depositors to avoid negative interest rates and still hold central bank money. Any decision to implement a retail CBCC would have to balance potential benefits against potential risks.
Bank runs might occur more quickly if the public were able to easily convert commercial bank money into risk-free central bank liabilities Tolle There could also be risks to the business models of commercial banks. Banks might be disintermediated, and hence less able to perform essential economic functions, such as monitoring borrowers, if consumers decided to forgo commercial bank deposits in favour of retail CBCCs.
These benefits and costs are, however, not unique to retail CBCCs. They are the same for DCAs. The answer lies with the peer-to-peer aspect of CBCCs and, more specifically, with anonymity. Bitcoin was designed to be a "peer-to-peer version of electronic cash" Nakamoto , p 1 , and this allows transactions to be anonymous. All bitcoin transactions are publicly recorded using the payer's and the payee's public addresses.
Sweden has one of the highest adoption rates of modern information and communication technologies in the world. It also has a highly efficient retail payment system. The demand for cash is dropping rapidly in Sweden Graph C , right-hand panel. Already, many stores no longer accept cash and some bank branches no longer disburse or collect cash.
These developments are a cause for concern for the Riksbank Skingsley Will the payment system continue to be safe and efficient without cash? Even if cash is not used every day, it is a backup option in crisis situations. Will those without access to bank services still be able to manage their payments? The Riksbank currently has a so-called eKrona project under way to determine whether it should supply digital central bank money to the general public. The project is considering different technical solutions, but no decision has been taken as to whether to focus on a DCA or a retail CBCC structure.
The project is expected to be finalised in late Sveriges Riksbank Kahn et al and McAndrews emphasise legitimate reasons for counterparty anonymity in transactions. Payees and payers may want to reduce the risk of identity theft, the possibility that the counterparty might follow them home and rob them, or more innocuous annoyances like directed advertising and solicitations spamming.
Similarly, a lack of third-party anonymity may be regarded as revealing too much information about a person's private activities. In his proposal for Digicash , David Chaum makes this argument by pointing out that "knowledge by a third party of the payee, amount, and time of payment for every transaction made by an individual can reveal a great deal about the individual's whereabouts, associations and lifestyle".
Counterparty anonymity seems less controversial than third-party anonymity. Many observers have argued that third-party anonymity in payments should not be allowed because it facilitates criminal activity, such as tax evasion, terrorist financing or money laundering. It is unclear how much consumers actually value anonymity of either sort in order to protect their privacy. Athey et al look at how much effort people make to protect their privacy in relation to digital currencies.
In an experimental setting, they find that subjects, in general, do not devote the small amount of time needed to read through the e-wallet description that is necessary to meet their own stated preferences for privacy. Similar findings emerged from a survey of economics students at the University of California, Santa Barbara, on usage of Venmo a digital wallet with social media features.
Finally, while Digicash is regarded as a precursor to bitcoin, there may not have been sufficiently high demand for the third-party anonymity it provided as it was never widely adopted. It filed for bankruptcy in A new and better protocol will be suggested, and its benefits and flaws will also be explained. Research Aim: Research on this ethereum dissertation topic is extremely important because cryptocurrencies can be stolen or hacked, as we have seen over the last few years. With the increased use of cryptocurrency, hackers have learned the technology very well, security is breached frequently, and user data is compromised.
Some cryptocurrencies function on strategies like multiple signatures so that a single rogue individual cannot irreversibly transfer money. However, not all cryptocurrencies function and work according to the same strategy. This study will focus on the security threats Ethereum is exposed to, how vulnerable the currency is and how important it is for developers to focus on this aspect of blockchain technology.
Research Aim: Many enthusiasts confuse Ethereum with bitcoin. Ethereum is a completely different cryptocurrency operating in the market. This research will compare the block rate limitations of both currencies. Bitcoin has a limitation of ten minutes per block, whereas, Ethereum has a greater block rate. This research will talk about the two-block rates, how it impacts the currency and the people using it and why this difference exists.
This will be a comparative study. Research Aim: Ethereum has grown rapidly over the years. Since the birth of bitcoin, every cryptocurrency that has entered the market has been labelled as a copy of the former. However, every currency has its own way of working and its own set of protocols. This research will assess the growth of Ethereum and also assess how the currency has evolved.
Research Aim: With the ease of use of cryptocurrencies, currencies are also vulnerable to attacks. Regardless of the technology being used for the currency, some hackers break the code and enter the system. This research will not only consider the safety aspect of this currency but also analyse the Ethereum protocol, i. Research Aim: An Ethereum based new economic model was rolled out in the market not too long ago. Currently, anyone can join the Ethereum network by contributing computing power to make sure the transactions are legal.
However, developers are changing the way networks select and reward users. With the new model, Ethereum holders will be able to accept or refuse transactions. This means if any user is dishonest, they will be on the verge of losing their tokens as a punishment.
This research will compare the old and new models, understand the details, and conclude which one is more viable. Research Aim: Just like any other cryptocurrency, Ethereum can also be traded. Many factors, such as market manipulation, government regulation, technological advances, etc. All of these aspects will be discussed in this research. Moreover, the researcher will analyze the various platforms available for trading Ethereum, the limitations, and the trading process.
Ripple is a company that uses blockchain technology for global payments. With the increased use of Ripple as a currency, proponents now argue that this cryptocurrency will be adopted by banks in the near future.
Ripple is a payment protocol built upon a distributed open-source internet protocol, native cryptocurrency, and consensus ledger. Ripple supports tokens that represent fiat currency, commodity, cryptocurrency, or any other unit value.
XRP is the currency of the Ripple network. Each ripple user must have a minimum reserve equaling 20 XRP to minimise the potential of hacking attacks and attempts. Research Aim: Even though cryptocurrencies are on the rise and their use has increased, many people are unaware of the different payment protocols available for their use in the market. Moreover, their future outlook regarding how they would perform in the market and how successful they would be in the industry is worth researching.
This study will focus on how ripple works, how the payment protocol operates, and how people use XRP to trade and make transactions. The study will comprehensively include all aspects of the currency, the different factors affecting its price, and its value in the market.
Research Aim: Cryptocurrencies are decentralized, i. Companies like Ripple are well established and have huge names in the industry. Once the demand for their currency increases, the value increases. This value may rise due to speculation or due to illegal trade and related activities. This study will investigate the various reasons that cause a shift in the price of the currency. People may not use it for the same purpose; however, companies do because many rely on international business, thus making international payments daily.
With the help of Ripple Token, XRP, companies can make their day-to-day international transactions without incurring a huge cost. Fiat currencies carry a huge cost associated with international transfers. Thus this aspect must be focused on. Cryptocurrencies are commonly known for security breaches. They are vulnerable to attacks and require several security layers to avoid such instances completely. This study will compare Ripple to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other major types of cryptocurrencies to understand if the currency is more volatile as compared to other cryptocurrencies.
This study will focus on the current aspects of various cryptocurrencies, their current trends, their performance, acceptance level, and their benefits. Research Aim: Ripple is known as one of the fastest-growing and widely adopted cryptocurrencies. The technology on which this cryptocurrency is based is known worldwide, and slowly financial institutions, including payment companies, are adopting it.
Ripple is already known as a cross-border money transfer tool. Thus this research will investigate how ripple will disrupt the global payment market and expand its reach. The research will also understand how ripple is disrupting the global payment market and paving the way for more and more companies to join its network.
This will be mixed-method-based research. Research Aim: There has been a lot of debate behind the mass adoption of ripple. But the critics argue why public and financial institutions would prefer this cryptocurrency over others. There is no doubt that ripple is a popular cryptocurrency, and if stats are anything to go by, ripple is one of the top five cryptocurrencies in the world.
This research will talk about the various reasons why other cryptocurrencies lag and why ripple is one of the most widely used and adopted cryptocurrencies. Research Aim: Ripple has been widely adopted by people. The company is partnering with more and more financial institutions worldwide and is slowly taking over the payment market. This research will help understand how ripple drives performance in the market and how the company paves the way for new arrangements with the world market.
Furthermore, the research will also aim to understand how ripple works and attract companies to work and partner with it. Research Aim: Bitcoin is the very first currency on the market. Every cryptocurrency that has thus entered has been compared to it. Ripple is no different. This research will investigate the similarities and differences between these two currencies and will also talk about how these two work differently.
Research Aim: Ripple is another cryptocurrency that is widely traded on cryptocurrency trading platforms. After you have gained complete knowledge, you will earn a profit. This research will talk about the trading process, the different available trading platforms, and how investors have earned by trading XRP. This will be a quantitative study showing trading results. As a student of cryptocurrency — bitcoin, ethereum, and ripple looking to get good grades, it is essential to develop new ideas and experiment on existing cryptocurrency — bitcoin, ethereum, and ripple theories — i.
The field of cryptocurrency — bitcoin, etherum and ripple is vast and interrelated to so many other academic disciplines like civil engineering , construction , law , and even healthcare. That is why it is imperative to create a cryptocurrency — bitcoin, etherum and ripple dissertation topic that is articular, sound, and actually solves a practical problem that may be rampant in the field.
There are several significant downfalls to getting your topic wrong; your supervisor may not be interested in working on it, the topic has no academic creditability, the research may not make logical sense, there is a possibility that the study is not viable. This impacts your time and efforts in writing your dissertation as you may end up in the cycle of rejection at the very initial stage of the dissertation.
That is why we recommend reviewing existing research to develop a topic, taking advice from your supervisor, and even asking for help in this particular stage of your dissertation. While developing a research topic, keeping our advice in mind will allow you to pick one of the best cryptocurrencies — bitcoin, ethereum and ripple dissertation topics that fulfil your requirement of writing a research paper and add to the body of knowledge. Therefore, it is recommended that when finalizing your dissertation topic, you read recently published literature to identify gaps in the research that you may help fill.
Remember- dissertation topics need to be unique, solve an identified problem, be logical, and be practically implemented. Take a look at some of our sample cryptocurrencies — bitcoin, ethereum and ripple dissertation topics to get an idea for your dissertation. A well-structured dissertation can help students to achieve a high overall academic grade. Our team of writers is highly qualified. They are experts in their respective fields. They have been working for us for a long time. Thus, they are well aware of the issues as well as the trends of the subject they specialise.
Review Our Best Dissertation Topics complete list. Are you looking for dissertation topics in the field of climate change? Research Prospect offers a wide range of topics that will help you write your dissertation. We have the best dissertation topics for students who are looking to write a dissertation on data security or privacy.
Get topics and a plan for your dissertation. Find out more. Samples Of Our Work. Library Library. Plagiarism Plagiarism Checker. Harvard Referencing Style. Language Rules. Referral Programme Corporate Solutions. Sign In. Academic Library. Learn how to draft academic papers. Check Samples. Review our samples before placing an order. Hire a Writer. Get an experienced writer start working on your paper. Introduction Cryptocurrencies are on the rise.
Topic 1: Research to identify the impacts of Coronavirus on cryptocurrency. Topic 2: Research to study the benefits and drawbacks of adopting cryptocurrency and the future of bitcoin after the pandemic. Topic 3: Research to know whether cryptocurrencies lead to new investment opportunities.
Topic 4: Research to identify the execution of various cryptocurrency projects to connect healthcare providers and global suppliers of medical equipment. Dissertation Topics Cryptocurrency Topic 2: Cost of Bitcoins in Research Aim: This research aims to identify the cost of Bitcoins in Topic 3: Cryptocurrency and Economic stability. Topic 1: Blockchain and cryptocurrency — how are they related? Topic 2: An evaluation of the growth of cryptocurrencies. Topic 3: Trading cryptocurrency: exploring the various cryptocurrency exchanges and how they work.
Topic 4: Cryptocurrency scams — how they happen and how you can safeguard yourself against them. Topic 5: Assessing the impact of cryptocurrency — what does the future hold? Dissertation Topics on Bitcoin Bitcoin is one of the most famous and widely used cryptocurrencies.
Topic 1: Evolution of bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. Topic 2: The growing demand for bitcoin: The basics and limitations. Topic 3: Bitcoin and financial security: Do they both correlate? Topic 4: Bitcoin: A carefully designed bubble or a legit currency?
Related: Bit Coin Talk Need a free interesting and manageable dissertation topic in your area of study? Topic 5: An analysis on the sustainability of bitcoin: What the financial institutions can learn from it? Topic 6: Should Bitcoin be regulated? A debate on how regulating it would impact the currency. Topic 8: Bitcoin — a monetary system? Topic 9: Is bitcoin a currency of the future or investment of the coming times? Research Aim: Many investors use bitcoin as an investment tool, especially citizens of countries where bitcoin is yet to be regulated.
This research will analyse the future of the currency, how it could help in shaping the economy and the role it might play in strengthening the economy. This will be qualitative research. Topic Studying the impact of bitcoin on our society. Research Aim: Bitcoin has left a huge impact on the economy since it was first introduced. More than that, the surge in the value of the currency has attracted the attention of many financial experts and academicians.
Unfortunately, the currency has also been used for illegal activities. This research will talk about all these aspects and will also study the greater impact it has had on our society. Dissertation Topics on Ethereum Ethereum is a cryptocurrency based on blockchain technology. Topic 1: Ethereum and bitcoin: Are they different? Topic 2: How secure is ethereum? An analysis of cryptographic attacks on the Ethereum security protocols.
Topic 3: An investigation on ethereum smart contracts, their vulnerabilities, and security.
Cryptocurrency research paper 2017 why ethereum will succeedDEVCON1: Understanding the Ethereum Blockchain Protocol - Vitalik Buterin
Accept. opinion, crypto news scanner speaking
Следующая статья btc gsm sim card